Problems you’ll get with hard water


To understand the question well as to what is a water softener, you need to have a good idea of what hard water is and how to soften it.

Hard water gets categorized as that water that contains high mineral content. The water becomes hard as it filters through deposits of chalk and limestone. Magnesium and calcium carbonates are contained in the deposits. Soft water, on the other hand, is natural water or water that has been treated and does not contain the minerals as mentioned above.

Problems associated with using hard water

Hard water will cause you some issues. Some of these problems can get noticed when they occur while you might not be aware of others. Good examples are:

Hard water will clog your pipes such as in water appliances and other water-related pipes. It will create a scale buildup within the pipes and the appliances causing corrosion and hampering your water appliances working efficiency. For a water heater, more energy will be used to do the heating leading to higher energy bills. You can solve that with a water softener from

Hard water makes washing soap less effective. It will react with the soap’s organic acid to form magnesium or calcium salt. Washing clothes become more difficult, cleaning your skin feels dry and scratchy due to the soap scum, and your hair will get sticky and dull looking when washed in hard water.

These problems and others make it essential that you protect your home by always by having soft water for home use and other purposes.

What is a water softener?

There are four known types of water softeners. They are the salt-free, Ion exchange, magnetic, and the reverse osmosis water softeners. For this review, a comparison gets made between the two main hard water softeners that are the salt based and the salt-free hard water softeners. The salt based softeners work by adding sodium to the water to give it a more slick feeling while showering and the soap will create more bubbles. The salt-free softeners are units used to soften the water by removing all the minerals causing the hardness.

Salt-free systems are known to efficiently reduce the scale buildup and provide more effective clothes and skin washing using soap. The main benefit of these salt-free softeners is that they use a healthier and environmentally friendly method that does not apply sodium to the water. Authorities, therefore, recommend that you use the salt-free systems instead of the Salt based ones.

How a salt-free hard water softener works

The salt-free water softener units work using a process called aEl’ion exchange”. The process will efficiently remove the magnesium and calcium minerals from the water as it makes entry into your home or business premises.

The salt-free hard water softener is a unit with usually two tanks that gets filled with for example resins beads of food-grade quality. The water will pass through the tiny beads, and the minerals will get attracted to them. The water Ieaves without the minerals and gets collected in the separate tank as soft water. The twin tank system is ideal in that the tanks will regenerate at different times. While one of the tanks is cleaning itself, the second one will continue to give your home enough softened water.


Although hard water does not pose significant health hazards, it inconveniences you regarding energy costs, cleanliness and maintenance of your water-based home appliances. The pipes clogging will cause corrosion to your hot water appliances and pipes impacting on their efficiency and durability. Hot water will also impact negatively by affecting your body and clothes cleanliness which is essential to your well being.

All these factors make getting a suitable hard water softener important.